Exploit Methods/Function pointer overwrite
When an attacker has a write primitive, they can overwrite function pointers to redirect execution. Function pointers exist in a large number of places in the kernel ranging from function pointer tables (e.g. fops), to vector and descriptor tables.
- make function pointer tables read-only (e.g. PAX_CONSTIFY_PLUGIN)
- make sensitive targets that need only occasional updates only writable during updates (e.g. PAX_KERNEXEC)