[PATCH v3 12/13] diglim: Remote Attestation

Roberto Sassu roberto.sassu at huawei.com
Tue Sep 14 16:34:00 UTC 2021

Add more information about remote attestation with IMA and DIGLIM in

Signed-off-by: Roberto Sassu <roberto.sassu at huawei.com>
 Documentation/security/diglim/index.rst       |  1 +
 .../security/diglim/remote_attestation.rst    | 87 +++++++++++++++++++
 MAINTAINERS                                   |  1 +
 3 files changed, 89 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/security/diglim/remote_attestation.rst

diff --git a/Documentation/security/diglim/index.rst b/Documentation/security/diglim/index.rst
index 4771134c2f0d..0f28c5ad71c0 100644
--- a/Documentation/security/diglim/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/security/diglim/index.rst
@@ -10,3 +10,4 @@ Digest Lists Integrity Module (DIGLIM)
+   remote_attestation
diff --git a/Documentation/security/diglim/remote_attestation.rst b/Documentation/security/diglim/remote_attestation.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d22d01ce3e40
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/security/diglim/remote_attestation.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,87 @@
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+Remote Attestation
+When a digest list is added or deleted through the ``digest_list_add`` or
+``digest_list_del`` interfaces, the function ``diglim_ima_get_info()`` is
+called to retrieve the integrity status from IMA. This function supports
+two methods: by file, where the integrity information is retrieved from
+the ``integrity_iint_cache`` structure associated to the inode, if found;
+by buffer, where the buffer (directly written to securityfs, or filled from
+a file read by the kernel) is passed to ``ima_measure_critical_data()`` for
+For the by file method, existing IMA rules can be used, as long as the
+digest list matches the criteria. For the by buffer method, the following
+rule must be added to the IMA policy::
+ measure func=CRITICAL_DATA label=diglim
+The second method gives more accurate information, as it creates a
+measurement entry during addition and deletion, while the first method
+creates an entry only during addition.
+Below there is an example of usage of the by buffer method.
+When a file is uploaded, the workflow and the resulting IMA measurement
+list are:
+.. code-block:: bash
+ # echo $PWD/0-file_list-compact-cat > /sys/kernel/security/integrity/diglim/digest_list_add
+ # echo $PWD/0-file_list-compact-cat > /sys/kernel/security/integrity/diglim/digest_list_del
+ # cat /sys/kernel/security/integrity/ima/ascii_runtime_measurements
+ ...
+ 10 <template digest> ima-buf sha256:<buffer digest> add_file_0-file_list-compact-cat <buffer>
+ 10 <template digest> ima-buf sha256:<buffer digest> del_file_0-file_list-compact-cat <buffer>
+When a buffer is uploaded, the workflow and the resulting IMA measurement
+list are:
+.. code-block:: bash
+ # echo 0-file_list-compact-cat > /sys/kernel/security/integrity/diglim/digest_list_label
+ # cat 0-file_list-compact-cat > /sys/kernel/security/integrity/diglim/digest_list_add
+ # echo 0-file_list-compact-cat > /sys/kernel/security/integrity/diglim/digest_list_label
+ # cat 0-file_list-compact-cat > /sys/kernel/security/integrity/diglim/digest_list_del
+ # cat /sys/kernel/security/integrity/ima/ascii_runtime_measurements
+ ...
+ 10 <template digest> ima-buf sha256:<buffer digest> add_buffer_0-file_list-compact-cat <buffer>
+ 10 <template digest> ima-buf sha256:<buffer digest> del_buffer_0-file_list-compact-cat <buffer>
+In the second case, the digest list label must be set explicitly, as the
+kernel cannot determine it by itself (in the first case it is derived from
+the name of the file uploaded).
+The confirmation that the digest list has been processed by IMA can be
+obtained by reading the ASCII representation of the digest list:
+.. code-block:: bash
+ # cat /sys/kernel/security/integrity/diglim/digest_lists_loaded/sha256-<digest list digest>-0-file_list-compact-cat.ascii
+ actions: 1, version: 1, algo: sha256, type: 2, modifiers: 1, count: 1, datalen: 32
+ 87e5bd81850e11eeec2d3bb696b626b2a7f45673241cbbd64769c83580432869
+In this output, ``actions`` is set to 1 (``COMPACT_ACTION_IMA_MEASURED``
+bit set).
+DIGLIM guarantees that the information reported in the IMA measurement list
+is complete (with the by buffer method). If digest list loading is not
+recorded, digest query results are ignored by IMA. If the addition was
+recorded, deletion can be performed only if also the deletion is recorded.
+This can be seen in the following sequence of commands:
+.. code-block:: bash
+ # echo 0-file_list-compact-cat > /sys/kernel/security/integrity/diglim/digest_list_label
+ # cat 0-file_list-compact-cat > /sys/kernel/security/integrity/diglim/digest_list_add
+ # echo 0-file_list-compact-cat > /sys/kernel/security/integrity/diglim/digest_list_label
+ # /tmp/cat 0-file_list-compact-cat > /sys/kernel/security/integrity/diglim/digest_list_del
+ diglim: actions mismatch, add: 1, del: 0
+ diglim: unable to upload generated digest list
+ /tmp/cat: write error: Invalid argument
+Digest list measurement is avoided with the execution of ``/tmp/cat``, for
+which a dont_measure rule was previously added in the IMA policy.
index 826f628f4fab..eac82f151d18 100644
@@ -5511,6 +5511,7 @@ F:	Documentation/security/diglim/architecture.rst
 F:	Documentation/security/diglim/implementation.rst
 F:	Documentation/security/diglim/index.rst
 F:	Documentation/security/diglim/introduction.rst
+F:	Documentation/security/diglim/remote_attestation.rst
 F:	include/linux/diglim.h
 F:	include/uapi/linux/diglim.h
 F:	security/integrity/diglim/diglim.h

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