[PATCH v2] lockdown,selinux: avoid bogus SELinux lockdown permission checks

Paul Moore paul at paul-moore.com
Thu Jun 3 17:46:31 UTC 2021

On Wed, Jun 2, 2021 at 9:40 AM Ondrej Mosnacek <omosnace at redhat.com> wrote:
> On Fri, May 28, 2021 at 3:37 AM Paul Moore <paul at paul-moore.com> wrote:
> > On Mon, May 17, 2021 at 5:22 AM Ondrej Mosnacek <omosnace at redhat.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > Commit 59438b46471a ("security,lockdown,selinux: implement SELinux
> > > lockdown") added an implementation of the locked_down LSM hook to
> > > SELinux, with the aim to restrict which domains are allowed to perform
> > > operations that would breach lockdown.
> > >
> > > However, in several places the security_locked_down() hook is called in
> > > situations where the current task isn't doing any action that would
> > > directly breach lockdown, leading to SELinux checks that are basically
> > > bogus.
> > >
> > > Since in most of these situations converting the callers such that
> > > security_locked_down() is called in a context where the current task
> > > would be meaningful for SELinux is impossible or very non-trivial (and
> > > could lead to TOCTOU issues for the classic Lockdown LSM
> > > implementation), fix this by modifying the hook to accept a struct cred
> > > pointer as argument, where NULL will be interpreted as a request for a
> > > "global", task-independent lockdown decision only. Then modify SELinux
> > > to ignore calls with cred == NULL.
> >
> > I'm not overly excited about skipping the access check when cred is
> > NULL.  Based on the description and the little bit that I've dug into
> > thus far it looks like using SECINITSID_KERNEL as the subject would be
> > much more appropriate.  *Something* (the kernel in most of the
> > relevant cases it looks like) is requesting that a potentially
> > sensitive disclosure be made, and ignoring it seems like the wrong
> > thing to do.  Leaving the access control intact also provides a nice
> > avenue to audit these requests should users want to do that.
> >
> > Those users that generally don't care can grant kernel_t all the
> > necessary permissions without much policy.
> Seems kind of pointless to me, but it's a relatively simple change to
> do a check against SECINITSID_KERNEL, so I don't mind doing it like
> that.

It's not pointless, the granularity isn't as great as one would like,
but it doesn't mean it is pointless.  *Someone* is acting, in this
case it just happens to be the kernel.  It is likely the most admins
and policy developers will not care, but some might, and we should
enable that.

> > > Since most callers will just want to pass current_cred() as the cred
> > > parameter, rename the hook to security_cred_locked_down() and provide
> > > the original security_locked_down() function as a simple wrapper around
> > > the new hook.
> >
> > I know you and Casey went back and forth on this in v1, but I agree
> > with Casey that having two LSM hooks here is a mistake.  I know it
> > makes backports hard, but spoiler alert: maintaining complex software
> > over any non-trivial period of time is hard, reeeeally hard sometimes
> > ;)
> Do you mean having two slots in lsm_hook_defs.h or also having two
> security_*() functions? (It's not clear to me if you're just
> reiterating disagreement with v1 or if you dislike the simplified v2
> as well.)

To be clear I don't think there should be two functions for this, just
make whatever changes are necessary to the existing
security_locked_down() LSM hook.  Yes, the backport is hard.  Yes, it
will touch a lot of code.  Yes, those are lame excuses to not do the
right thing.

> > > The callers migrated to the new hook, passing NULL as cred:
> > > 1. arch/powerpc/xmon/xmon.c
> > >      Here the hook seems to be called from non-task context and is only
> > >      used for redacting some sensitive values from output sent to
> > >      userspace.
> >
> > This definitely sounds like kernel_t based on the description above.
> Here I'm a little concerned that the hook might be called from some
> unusual interrupt, which is not masked by spin_lock_irqsave()... We
> ran into this with PMI (Platform Management Interrupt) before, see
> commit 5ae5fbd21079 ("powerpc/perf: Fix handling of privilege level
> checks in perf interrupt context"). While I can't see anything that
> would suggest something like this happening here, the whole thing is
> so foreign to me that I'm wary of making assumptions :)
> @Michael/PPC devs, can you confirm to us that xmon_is_locked_down() is
> only called from normal syscall/interrupt context (as opposed to
> something tricky like PMI)?

You did submit the code change so I assumed you weren't concerned
about it :)  If it is a bad hook placement that is something else

Hopefully we'll get some guidance from the PPC folks.

> > > 4. net/xfrm/xfrm_user.c:copy_to_user_*()
> > >      Here a cryptographic secret is redacted based on the value returned
> > >      from the hook. There are two possible actions that may lead here:
> > >      a) A netlink message XFRM_MSG_GETSA with NLM_F_DUMP set - here the
> > >         task context is relevant, since the dumped data is sent back to
> > >         the current task.
> >
> > If the task context is relevant we should use it.
> Yes, but as I said it would create an asymmetry with case b), which
> I'll expand on below...
> > >      b) When deleting an SA via XFRM_MSG_DELSA, the dumped SAs are
> > >         broadcasted to tasks subscribed to XFRM events - here the
> > >         SELinux check is not meningful as the current task's creds do
> > >         not represent the tasks that could potentially see the secret.
> >
> > This looks very similar to the BPF hook discussed above, I believe my
> > comments above apply here as well.
> Using the current task is just logically wrong in this case. The
> current task here is just simply deleting an SA that happens to have
> some secret value in it. When deleting an SA, a notification is sent
> to a group of subscribers (some group of other tasks), which includes
> a dump of the secret value. The current task isn't doing any attempt
> to breach lockdown, it's just deleting an SA.
> It also makes it really awkward to make policy decisions around this.
> Suppose that domains A, B, and C need to be able to add/delete SAs and
> domains D, E, and F need to receive notifications about changes in
> SAs. Then if, say, domain E actually needs to see the secret values in
> the notifications, you must grant the confidentiality permission to
> all of A, B, C to keep things working. And now you have opened up the
> door for A, B, C to do other lockdown-confidentiality stuff, even
> though these domains themselves actually don't request/need any
> confidential data from the kernel. That's just not logical and you may
> actually end up (slightly) worse security-wise than if you just
> skipped checking for XFRM secrets altogether, because you need to
> allow confidentiality to domains for which it may be excessive.

It sounds an awful lot like the lockdown hook is in the wrong spot.
It sounds like it would be a lot better to relocate the hook than
remove it.

paul moore

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