Migration to trusted keys: sealing user-provided key?

Jan Lübbe jlu at pengutronix.de
Mon Feb 1 16:38:34 UTC 2021

On Mon, 2021-02-01 at 11:11 -0500, Mimi Zohar wrote:
> On Mon, 2021-02-01 at 16:31 +0100, Jan Lübbe wrote:
> > On Sun, 2021-01-31 at 09:29 -0500, Mimi Zohar wrote:
> > > Usage::
> > > 
> > >     keyctl add encrypted name "new [format] key-type:master-key-name keylen"
> > >         ring
> > >     keyctl add encrypted name "load hex_blob" ring
> > 
> > 'load' (as I understand the code) only accepts an encrypted blob.
> > 
> > So the only way I see to have an encrypted key with a non-random key data would
> > be:
> > - create a random temporary master key and load a copy as a user key
> > - encrypt the chosen key data with the temporary master key (using a new
> > userspace reimplementation of the kernel encrypted key blob format)
> > - use keyctl add encrypted dmcrypt "load <encrypted blob>" <keyring>
> > - create new trusted master key (OP-TEE or CAAM in our case) as 
> > - use keyctl update to switch to the new trusted master key
> > - use keyctl pipe on the trusted and encrypted keys and store both for loading
> > on later boots
> > 
> > If we'd support importing a pre-existing key into a trusted or encrypted key,
> > we'd do instead:
> > - use keyctl add trusted dmcrypt "import <unencrypted key data>"
> > - use keyctl pipe on the trusted key and store it for loading on later boots
> > 
> > This way, users wouldn't need to care which backend is used by trusted keys
> > (TPM/OP-TEE/CAAM/...). That would make use-cases where a random key is not
> > suitable as straight-forward as the those where a random key is OK.
> As I said above, the "encrypted" key update doesn't change the key data
> used for encrypting/decrypting storage in the dm-crypt case, it just
> updates the key under which it is encrypted/signed.

Yes, that's clear. I only used it to demonstrate how a workaround for importing
key material into an encrypted key could look like.

> Yes, the reason for using an encrypted "trusted" key, as opposed to an
> encrypted "user" key, is that the "trusted" key is encrypted/decrypted
> by the TPM and never exposed to userspace in the clear.

Yes, and that's the main reason I'd like to use trusted keys with dm-crypt: a
much lower chance of exposing this key somewhere it could be extracted.

> It doesn't sound like you're wanting to update the storage key in the
> field, just the key used to encrypt/decrypt that key.  So I'm still not
> clear as to why you would want an initial non-random encrypted key. 
> Providing that key on the command line certaining isn't a good idea.

Some of our customers have systems in the field which use non-mainline patches
for access to the CAAM [1], which also have the downside of exposing the
decrypted key material directly to userspace. In that thread you suggested to
use trusted keys instead. With Sumit's work that rework is finally within reach.

In those systems, we have data that's encrypted with a pre-existing dm-crypt or
ecryptfs key. As we update those systems in the field to newer kernels, we want
to get rid of those custom patches, but can't reencrypt everything.

So the approach would be to perform a one-time migration when updating a device:
- use our old interface to decrypt the key and 'import' it into a trusted key
- use keyctl pipe and save the re-encrypted key to disk
- destroy the old encrypted key
After this migration, the key material is no longer available to userspace (only
to dm-crypt).

Another use-case for supporting key import that we want to support is  analysis
of broken devices returned from the field:
- generate an encryption key per device in the factory
- encrypt it to a private key in escrow and archive it for later use
- import it into a trusted key on the device
- keyctl pipe it to a file on the device for use on boot

Later, when you need to do an analysis, you can get the key from escrow even if
the device cannot boot any longer.


[1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-crypto/1447082306-19946-2-git-send-email-s.trumtrar@pengutronix.de/

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