[tip: perf/core] perf/core: Open access to the core for CAP_PERFMON privileged process

tip-bot2 for Alexey Budankov tip-bot2 at linutronix.de
Wed Apr 22 12:17:36 UTC 2020

The following commit has been merged into the perf/core branch of tip:

Commit-ID:     18aa18566218d4a46d940049b835314d2b071cc2
Gitweb:        https://git.kernel.org/tip/18aa18566218d4a46d940049b835314d2b071cc2
Author:        Alexey Budankov <alexey.budankov at linux.intel.com>
AuthorDate:    Thu, 02 Apr 2020 11:46:24 +03:00
Committer:     Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme at redhat.com>
CommitterDate: Thu, 16 Apr 2020 12:19:08 -03:00

perf/core: Open access to the core for CAP_PERFMON privileged process

Open access to monitoring of kernel code, CPUs, tracepoints and
namespaces data for a CAP_PERFMON privileged process. Providing the
access under CAP_PERFMON capability singly, without the rest of
CAP_SYS_ADMIN credentials, excludes chances to misuse the credentials
and makes operation more secure.

CAP_PERFMON implements the principle of least privilege for performance
monitoring and observability operations (POSIX IEEE 1003.1e
principle of least privilege: A security design principle that states
that a process or program be granted only those privileges (e.g.,
capabilities) necessary to accomplish its legitimate function, and only
for the time that such privileges are actually required)

For backward compatibility reasons the access to perf_events subsystem
remains open for CAP_SYS_ADMIN privileged processes but CAP_SYS_ADMIN
usage for secure perf_events monitoring is discouraged with respect to
CAP_PERFMON capability.

Signed-off-by: Alexey Budankov <alexey.budankov at linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: James Morris <jamorris at linux.microsoft.com>
Tested-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme at redhat.com>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast at kernel.org>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak at linux.intel.com>
Cc: Igor Lubashev <ilubashe at akamai.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa at redhat.com>
Cc: linux-man at vger.kernel.org
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung at kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz at infradead.org>
Cc: Serge Hallyn <serge at hallyn.com>
Cc: Song Liu <songliubraving at fb.com>
Cc: Stephane Eranian <eranian at google.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx at linutronix.de>
Cc: intel-gfx at lists.freedesktop.org
Cc: linux-doc at vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-security-module at vger.kernel.org
Cc: selinux at vger.kernel.org
Link: http://lore.kernel.org/lkml/471acaef-bb8a-5ce2-923f-90606b78eef9@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme at redhat.com>
 include/linux/perf_event.h | 6 +++---
 kernel/events/core.c       | 2 +-
 2 files changed, 4 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/perf_event.h b/include/linux/perf_event.h
index 9c3e761..87e2168 100644
--- a/include/linux/perf_event.h
+++ b/include/linux/perf_event.h
@@ -1305,7 +1305,7 @@ static inline int perf_is_paranoid(void)
 static inline int perf_allow_kernel(struct perf_event_attr *attr)
-	if (sysctl_perf_event_paranoid > 1 && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+	if (sysctl_perf_event_paranoid > 1 && !perfmon_capable())
 		return -EACCES;
 	return security_perf_event_open(attr, PERF_SECURITY_KERNEL);
@@ -1313,7 +1313,7 @@ static inline int perf_allow_kernel(struct perf_event_attr *attr)
 static inline int perf_allow_cpu(struct perf_event_attr *attr)
-	if (sysctl_perf_event_paranoid > 0 && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+	if (sysctl_perf_event_paranoid > 0 && !perfmon_capable())
 		return -EACCES;
 	return security_perf_event_open(attr, PERF_SECURITY_CPU);
@@ -1321,7 +1321,7 @@ static inline int perf_allow_cpu(struct perf_event_attr *attr)
 static inline int perf_allow_tracepoint(struct perf_event_attr *attr)
-	if (sysctl_perf_event_paranoid > -1 && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+	if (sysctl_perf_event_paranoid > -1 && !perfmon_capable())
 		return -EPERM;
 	return security_perf_event_open(attr, PERF_SECURITY_TRACEPOINT);
diff --git a/kernel/events/core.c b/kernel/events/core.c
index bc9b98a..74025b7 100644
--- a/kernel/events/core.c
+++ b/kernel/events/core.c
@@ -11504,7 +11504,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(perf_event_open,
 	if (attr.namespaces) {
-		if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+		if (!perfmon_capable())
 			return -EACCES;

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