[PATCH v8 11/12] doc/admin-guide: update perf-security.rst with CAP_PERFMON information
alexey.budankov at linux.intel.com
Thu Apr 2 08:54:01 UTC 2020
Update perf-security.rst documentation file with the information
related to usage of CAP_PERFMON capability to secure performance
monitoring and observability operations in system.
Signed-off-by: Alexey Budankov <alexey.budankov at linux.intel.com>
Documentation/admin-guide/perf-security.rst | 65 +++++++++++++--------
1 file changed, 40 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)
diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/perf-security.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/perf-security.rst
index 72effa7c23b9..81202d46a1ae 100644
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
-Perf Events and tool security
+Perf events and tool security
@@ -42,11 +42,11 @@ categories:
Data that belong to the fourth category can potentially contain
sensitive process data. If PMUs in some monitoring modes capture values
of execution context registers or data from process memory then access
-to such monitoring capabilities requires to be ordered and secured
-properly. So, perf_events/Perf performance monitoring is the subject for
-security access control management _ .
+to such monitoring modes requires to be ordered and secured properly.
+So, perf_events performance monitoring and observability operations is
+the subject for security access control management _ .
-perf_events/Perf access control
+perf_events access control
To perform security checks, the Linux implementation splits processes
@@ -66,11 +66,25 @@ into distinct units, known as capabilities _ , which can be
independently enabled and disabled on per-thread basis for processes and
files of unprivileged users.
-Unprivileged processes with enabled CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability are treated
+Unprivileged processes with enabled CAP_PERFMON capability are treated
as privileged processes with respect to perf_events performance
-monitoring and bypass *scope* permissions checks in the kernel.
-Unprivileged processes using perf_events system call API is also subject
+monitoring and observability operations, thus, bypass *scope* permissions
+checks in the kernel. CAP_PERFMON implements the principal of least
+privilege _ (POSIX 1003.1e: 126.96.36.199) for performance monitoring and
+observability operations in the kernel and provides secure approach to
+perfomance monitoring and observability in the system.
+For backward compatibility reasons access to perf_events monitoring and
+observability operations is also open for CAP_SYS_ADMIN privileged
+processes but CAP_SYS_ADMIN usage for secure monitoring and observability
+use cases is discouraged with respect to CAP_PERFMON capability.
+If system audit records _ for a process using perf_events system call
+API contain denial records of acquiring both CAP_PERFMON and CAP_SYS_ADMIN
+capabilities then providing the process with CAP_PERFMON capability singly
+is recommended as the preferred secure approach to resolve double access
+denial logging related to usage of performance monitoring and observability.
+Unprivileged processes using perf_events system call are also subject
for PTRACE_MODE_READ_REALCREDS ptrace access mode check _ , whose
outcome determines whether monitoring is permitted. So unprivileged
processes provided with CAP_SYS_PTRACE capability are effectively
@@ -82,14 +96,14 @@ performance analysis of monitored processes or a system. For example,
CAP_SYSLOG capability permits reading kernel space memory addresses from
-perf_events/Perf privileged users
+Privileged Perf users groups
Mechanisms of capabilities, privileged capability-dumb files _ and
-file system ACLs _ can be used to create a dedicated group of
-perf_events/Perf privileged users who are permitted to execute
-performance monitoring without scope limits. The following steps can be
-taken to create such a group of privileged Perf users.
+file system ACLs _ can be used to create dedicated groups of
+privileged Perf users who are permitted to execute performance monitoring
+and observability without scope limits. The following steps can be
+taken to create such groups of privileged Perf users.
1. Create perf_users group of privileged Perf users, assign perf_users
group to Perf tool executable and limit access to the executable for
@@ -108,30 +122,30 @@ taken to create such a group of privileged Perf users.
-rwxr-x--- 2 root perf_users 11M Oct 19 15:12 perf
2. Assign the required capabilities to the Perf tool executable file and
- enable members of perf_users group with performance monitoring
+ enable members of perf_users group with monitoring and observability
privileges _ :
- # setcap "cap_sys_admin,cap_sys_ptrace,cap_syslog=ep" perf
- # setcap -v "cap_sys_admin,cap_sys_ptrace,cap_syslog=ep" perf
+ # setcap "cap_perfmon,cap_sys_ptrace,cap_syslog=ep" perf
+ # setcap -v "cap_perfmon,cap_sys_ptrace,cap_syslog=ep" perf
# getcap perf
- perf = cap_sys_ptrace,cap_sys_admin,cap_syslog+ep
+ perf = cap_sys_ptrace,cap_syslog,cap_perfmon+ep
As a result, members of perf_users group are capable of conducting
-performance monitoring by using functionality of the configured Perf
-tool executable that, when executes, passes perf_events subsystem scope
+performance monitoring and observability by using functionality of the
+configured Perf tool executable that, when executes, passes perf_events
+subsystem scope checks.
This specific access control management is only available to superuser
or root running processes with CAP_SETPCAP, CAP_SETFCAP _
-perf_events/Perf unprivileged users
-perf_events/Perf *scope* and *access* control for unprivileged processes
+perf_events *scope* and *access* control for unprivileged processes
is governed by perf_event_paranoid _ setting:
@@ -166,7 +180,7 @@ is governed by perf_event_paranoid _ setting:
perf_event_mlock_kb locking limit is imposed but ignored for
unprivileged processes with CAP_IPC_LOCK capability.
-perf_events/Perf resource control
Open file descriptors
@@ -227,4 +241,5 @@ Bibliography
..  `<http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man5/acl.5.html>`_
..  `<http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man2/getrlimit.2.html>`_
..  `<http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man5/limits.conf.5.html>`_
+..  `<https://sites.google.com/site/fullycapable>`_
+..  `<http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man8/auditd.8.html>`_
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