[PATCH] general protection fault in sock_has_perm

Mark Salyzyn salyzyn at android.com
Fri Jan 19 17:46:55 UTC 2018

On 01/19/2018 09:06 AM, Paul Moore wrote:
> On Fri, Jan 19, 2018 at 10:49 AM, Mark Salyzyn <salyzyn at android.com> wrote:
>> On 01/18/2018 02:36 PM, Paul Moore wrote:
>>> On Thu, Jan 18, 2018 at 4:58 PM, Mark Salyzyn <salyzyn at android.com> wrote:
>>>> general protection fault: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP KASAN
>>>> CPU: 1 PID: 14233 Comm: syz-executor2 Not tainted 4.4.112-g5f6325b #28
>>>> . . .
>>>> [<ffffffff81b6a19d>] selinux_socket_setsockopt+0x4d/0x80
>>>> security/selinux/hooks.c:4338
>>>> [<ffffffff81b4873d>] security_socket_setsockopt+0x7d/0xb0
>>>> security/security.c:1257
>>>> [<ffffffff82df1ac8>] SYSC_setsockopt net/socket.c:1757 [inline]
>>>> [<ffffffff82df1ac8>] SyS_setsockopt+0xe8/0x250 net/socket.c:1746
>>>> [<ffffffff83776499>] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x16/0x92
>>>> Code: c2 42 9b b6 81 be 01 00 00 00 48 c7 c7 a0 cb 2b 84 e8
>>>> f7 2f 6d ff 49 8d 7d 10 48 b8 00 00 00 00 00 fc ff df 48 89
>>>> fa 48 c1 ea 03 <0f> b6 04 02 84 c0 74 08 3c 03 0f 8e 83 01 00
>>>> 00 41 8b 75 10 31
>>>> RIP  [<ffffffff81b69b7e>] sock_has_perm+0x1fe/0x3e0
>>>> security/selinux/hooks.c:4069
>>>> RSP <ffff8800b5957ce0>
>>>> ---[ end trace 7b5aaf788fef6174 ]---
>>>> In the absence of commit a4298e4522d6 ("net: add SOCK_RCU_FREE socket
>>>> flag") and all the associated infrastructure changes to take advantage
>>>> of a RCU grace period before freeing, there is a heightened
>>>> possibility that a security check is performed while an ill-timed
>>>> setsockopt call races in from user space.  It then is prudent to null
>>>> check sk_security, and if the case, reject the permissions.
>>>> This adjustment is orthogonal to infrastructure improvements that may
>>>> nullify the needed check, but should be added as good code hygiene.
>>> I'm skeptical that this is the full solution for systems that lack the
>>> SOCK_RCU_FREE protection.  Is this really limited to just
>>> setsockopt()?
>> Maybe overstepped in my analysis and assumptions?
>> This is a result of a fuzzer hitting an android 4.4 KASAN kernel. We (so
>> far) have _not_ seen this with an android 4.9 KASAN kernel (which has the
>> SOCK_RCU_FREE adjustments). There is no standalone duplication or PoC
>> _except_ via the fuzzer. The rest of the statements stands based on this
>> tidbit (statements of general good code hygiene, not 100% sure SOCK_RCU_FREE
>> usage is completely covered, KISS solution etc).
>> To be honest, yes, this may be a layer in the onion (swat this NULL check
>> does not by itself solve the _problem_), I'd prefer kernel continuing on in
>> a rational manner rather than panic ... and I have a gut feeling this could
>> be a gratuitous NULL check if all the bugs in the network layer have been
>> solved <that may be sarcasm, I can not tell>. Programming to solve a problem
>> with one's gut is not a good practice, but hygiene is. This is 10
>> characters, and an estimated 1.2ns of added hygiene.
>> No, I do not think this is limited to setsockopt, but would be willing to
>> believe a multithreaded attack of any socket functions or ioctl would drop
>> down to the check with sock_has_perm at possibly the wrong time in socket
>> teardown.
> I'm not necessarily opposed to adding additional safety checks, if
> warranted, but I am opposed to adding a single check and declaring
> mission accomplished when there is a suspicion that additional checks
> may be needed.
> Perhaps in this particular case it really is only setsockopt(), but
> from what I can tell from your comments and the SOCK_RCU_FREE commit
> message it would appear that there is a race condition here between a
> socket's lifetime and its visibility to userspace.

I will need to fix my comments to be clearer ... (besides, I got the 
error return wrong, so I will have to respin it anyways).

In later kernels SOCK_RCU_FREE _appears_ to fix the race condition. In 
earlier kernels there is _no_ SOCK_RCU_FREE infrastructure, and thus the 
race condition exists. That race conditions _should_ have been solved in 
ToT. I have evaluated that porting all the SOCK_RCU_FREE refactoring may 
be too risky an endeavor for stable kernels though (maybe I am wrong 
about that? The author of those fixes edumazet at google.com has been 
notified, have yet to receive a response).

Because I can not confirm that SOCK_RCU_FREE solves the problem, I am 
making a case for this to land in 4.9+ to ToT kernels as good hygiene. 
But maybe this should only go in 4.4- stable ...

-- Mark

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