[RFC v3 0/9] S.A.R.A. a new stacked LSM
s.mesoraca16 at gmail.com
Mon Sep 11 19:50:18 UTC 2017
S.A.R.A. (S.A.R.A. is Another Recursive Acronym) is a stacked Linux
Security Module that aims to collect heterogeneous security measures,
providing a common interface to manage them.
It can be useful to allow minor security features to use advanced
management options, like user-space configuration files and tools, without
too much overhead.
Some submodules that use this framework are also introduced.
The code is quite long, I apologize for this. Thank you in advance to
anyone who will take the time to review this patchset.
S.A.R.A. is meant to be stacked but it needs cred blobs and the procattr
interface, so I temporarily implemented those parts in a way that won't
be acceptable for upstream, but it works for now. I know that there
is some ongoing work to make cred blobs and procattr stackable, as soon
as the new interfaces will be available I'll reimplement the involved
At the moment I've been able to test it only on x86.
The only submodule introduced in this patchset is WX Protection.
The kernel-space part is complemented by its user-space counterpart:
A test suite for WX Protection, called sara-test , is also available.
WX Protection aims to improve user-space programs security by applying:
- W^X enforcement: program can't have a page of memory that is marked, at
the same time, writable and executable.
- W!->X restriction: any page that could have been marked as writable in
the past won't ever be allowed to be marked as
- Executable MMAP prevention: prevents the creation of new executable mmaps
after the dynamic libraries have been loaded.
All of the above features can be enabled or disabled both system wide
or on a per executable basis through the use of configuration files managed
It is important to note that some programs may have issues working with
WX Protection. In particular:
- W^X enforcement will cause problems to any programs that needs
memory pages mapped both as writable and executable at the same time e.g.
programs with executable stack markings in the PT_GNU_STACK segment.
- W!->X restriction will cause problems to any program that
needs to generate executable code at run time or to modify executable
pages e.g. programs with a JIT compiler built-in or linked against a
- Executable MMAP prevention can work only with programs that have at least
partial RELRO support. It's disabled automatically for programs that
lack this feature. It will cause problems to any program that uses dlopen
or tries to do an executable mmap. Unfortunately this feature is the one
that could create most problems and should be enabled only after careful
To extend the scope of the above features, despite the issues that they may
cause, they are complemented by:
- procattr interface: can be used by a program to discover which WX
Protection features are enabled and/or to tighten
- Trampoline emulation: emulates the execution of well-known "trampolines"
even when they are placed in non-executable memory.
Parts of WX Protection are inspired by some of the features available in
More information can be found in the documentation introduced in the first
patch and in the "commit message" of the following emails.
Changes in v2:
- Removed USB filtering submodule and relative hook
- s/saralib/libsara/ typo
- STR macro renamed to avoid conflicts
- check_vmflags hook now returns an error code instead of just 1
or 0. (suggested by Casey Schaufler)
- pr_wxp macro rewritten as function for readability
- Fixed i386 compilation warnings
- Documentation now states clearly that changes done via procattr
interface only apply to current thread. (suggested by Jann Horn)
Changes in v3:
- Documentation has been moved to match the new directory structure.
- Kernel cmdline arguments are now accessed via module_param interface
(suggested by Kees Cook).
- Created "sara_warn_or_return" macro to make WX Protection code more
readable (suggested by Kees Cook).
- Added more comments, in the most important places, to clarify my
intentions (suggested by Kees Cook).
- The "pagefault_handler" hook has been rewritten in a more "arch
agnostic" way. Though it only support x86 at the moment
(suggested by Kees Cook).
Suggested improvements not added in v3:
- Kees Cook suggested to add the VMA as an argument to "check_vmflags"
hook, because it could be useful for other potential users, but he
wasn't certain about it. So I decided to not change this for the
- Kees Cook suggested to move "trampolines.h" to "arch/x86". I'm not
sure what would be the best place to put it, so, for the moment, I
didn't move it.
Salvatore Mesoraca (9):
S.A.R.A. framework creation
Creation of "check_vmflags" LSM hook
S.A.R.A. cred blob management
S.A.R.A. WX Protection
Creation of "pagefault_handler" LSM hook
Allowing for stacking procattr support in S.A.R.A.
S.A.R.A. WX Protection procattr interface
Documentation/admin-guide/LSM/SARA.rst | 170 +++++
Documentation/admin-guide/LSM/index.rst | 1 +
Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 24 +
arch/Kconfig | 6 +
arch/x86/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/x86/mm/fault.c | 6 +
fs/proc/base.c | 38 +
include/linux/cred.h | 3 +
include/linux/lsm_hooks.h | 24 +
include/linux/security.h | 17 +
mm/mmap.c | 13 +
security/Kconfig | 1 +
security/Makefile | 2 +
security/sara/Kconfig | 136 ++++
security/sara/Makefile | 4 +
security/sara/include/sara.h | 29 +
security/sara/include/sara_data.h | 47 ++
security/sara/include/securityfs.h | 59 ++
security/sara/include/trampolines.h | 173 +++++
security/sara/include/utils.h | 80 ++
security/sara/include/wxprot.h | 27 +
security/sara/main.c | 117 +++
security/sara/sara_data.c | 79 ++
security/sara/securityfs.c | 560 ++++++++++++++
security/sara/utils.c | 151 ++++
security/sara/wxprot.c | 973 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
security/security.c | 37 +-
27 files changed, 2776 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/admin-guide/LSM/SARA.rst
create mode 100644 security/sara/Kconfig
create mode 100644 security/sara/Makefile
create mode 100644 security/sara/include/sara.h
create mode 100644 security/sara/include/sara_data.h
create mode 100644 security/sara/include/securityfs.h
create mode 100644 security/sara/include/trampolines.h
create mode 100644 security/sara/include/utils.h
create mode 100644 security/sara/include/wxprot.h
create mode 100644 security/sara/main.c
create mode 100644 security/sara/sara_data.c
create mode 100644 security/sara/securityfs.c
create mode 100644 security/sara/utils.c
create mode 100644 security/sara/wxprot.c
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